News on Cuba - January 26, 2012 Print

Venezuela: A Model of Role of Revolutionary Military, Fidel Castro Says

Havana, Jan 26 (Prensa Latina) Venezuela is an outstanding example of the theoretical and practical role that revolutionary military people can play in fighting for the independence of our peoples, underlined the leader of the Cuban Revolution, Fidel Castro.

When recalling that they follow the tradition of those that fought along with Liberator Simon Bolivar two centuries ago, Fidel Castro affirmed, in his latest reflection, that is unfair to criticize President Hugo Chavez for investing resources in armaments.

"I am certain that they would never use arms to attack a brother country", pointed out the Cuban leader.

When highlighting the genius of Chavez, Fidel Castro noted that he does not limit to theoretical plans, since his actions are rapidly carried out.

After explaining that technology has changed in many aspects of war, Fidel Castro noted that men have the duty to fight to seek solutions that favor a more reasoned and dignified existence.

It could take millions of years for human beings to repopulate the planet, he said.

 

Cuban Children to Honor Jose Marti on his Birth Anniversary

HAVANA, Cuba, Jan 26 (acn) An estimate of more than one million Cuban children and teenagers will take part in parades and meetings at schools and public places on January 28 to mark the 159th anniversary of Cuba’s National Hero Jose Marti’s birth.

Streets, squares and parks in all 168 municipalities of the country will bear witness of the homage that will be distinguished by local initiatives.

In the parades, children will dress up like characters from Jose Marti’s children’s book like Meñique, Pilar and Nene Traviesa; while others will wear outfits identifying farmers, combatants, doctors or carry all sorts of working tools representing Marti’s ideals and his support of working classes, humanism and anti-imperialism.

The main venue for the homage will be the Revolution Square in Havana where youngsters from the adjacent municipalities will gather by the monument to Marti early on Saturday, January 28. They will all carry a flower as a token of their infinite love for the writer of “La Edad de Oro” (The Golden Age).

 

Hostility from U.S. Pre-Candidates Does Not Surprise Cuba

Havana, Jan 26 (Prensa Latina) The anti-Cuba stance taken in recent days by Republican pre-candidates for the U.S. Presidency is in tune with Washington's traditional hostility against the island nation, an experts in the bilateral dispute stated on Thursday.

According to Jorge Hernandez, director of the Center for Studies on the Hemisphere and the United States, attached to the University of Havana, those speeches as part of the U.S. electoral campaign are pretensions to destroy the Revolution that triumphed on January 1, 1959.

Early this week, two candidates to the White House, Newt Gingrish and Mitt Romney, agreed on the primary elections of their party to attack Cuba. The former called for covert operations to try to destabilize Cuba.

Hernandez added that with their offensive behavior, both Republican contenders seek to catch the Cuban-American vote in Florida to run against President Barack Obama in the November elections.

Although the majority of the Cuban-American community is mainly interested in better bilateral relations, the criterion of ruling classes linked to the extreme right predominates on it, the official said.

Lawmakers such as Ileana Ros-Lehtinen, Lincoln Diaz-Balart and Robert Menendez, who persist in punishing Cuba for not yielding to liberal democracy, free market and a multiparty system, dominate those groups, Hernandez said.

The researcher stated that the traditional hostility against the Revolution not only comes from the Republicans, but also from the Democrats.

Obama's and State Secretary Hillary Clinton's stances, as well as those taken by other U.S. officials are centered on a circle that is similar to that of their rivals, the expert noted.

The over-50-year-old blockade on Cuba, the naval base in Guantanamo, a portion of Cuban territory illegally occupied against Cuba's will, radio and television aggressions, the Cuban Adjustment Act and subversive propaganda will prevail, at least in a short term, Hernandez stated.

 

Cuba Prepares Troops to Defend the Country

Havana, Jan 26 (Prensa Latina) The Cuban Revolutionary Armed Forces (FAR) will begin, on February 1, the period of Defense Preparedness corresponding to 2012 and its most important event will be the Bastion 2012 Strategic Military Exercise.

This period includes carrying out drills, tactical training and campaigns aiming at improving the preparedness to protect the country following the military doctrine of the "War of All the People".

During this period, guiding documents for defense will be studied, and methodological courses will be delivered at different levels such as the Army, Military Region, Large and Medium Units, Angel Luis Martinez, officer of a tank unit in the Western Army, told Prensa Latina.

Another important activity during this period is providing maintenance to arms and all the systems of the technique of instruction, combat and transport, actions that are carried out at FAR repair workshops.

 

ALBA Nations Celebrate Mutual Achievements in Ecuador

HAVANA, Cuba, Jan 25 (acn) The embassies of Cuba, Venezuela, Bolivia, Nicaragua jointly with the Ecuadorean Government celebrated in Quito mutual transcendental events such as the 23rd anniversary of the Cuban Revolution.

In a very well-attended meeting at the International Center for Higher Communication Studies for Latin America (Ciespal), participants marked as well the fifth anniversary of the Citizen Revolution of Ecuador and the sixth year of Bolivia’s Evo Morales term.

Prensa Latina reported that Nicaraguan president Daniel Ortega’s election with 62 percent of the votes was also celebrated, along with the expected victory of Venezuela’s Hugo Chavez at the upcoming October elections.

Under the banner “For the unity and integration of our peoples,” the joint celebration started with a speech by the Ecuadorean Heritage minister Maria Fernanda Espinosa who spoke on behalf of the host country.

The minister reaffirmed her government’s stance in line with the Bolivarian Alliance of the Peoples of our Americas (ALBA).

Cuba Jorge Rodriguez, Cuba’s ambassador in Quito, highlighted the Cuban people’s 53-year-long fight for their right to build its own future over the U.S. economic, financial and commercial blockade without ever giving up on their independence and sovereignty.

Among speakers was also Venezuelan ambassador Rodolfo Sanz who delivered the closing words of the event.

 

Artists Beautify Santiago de Cuba with Murals

SANTIAGO DE CUBA, Cuba, Jan 25 (acn) Cuban and foreign artists participating in the Tenth International Biennial of Mural Painting (“InterNos”) painted seven murals around Santiago de Cuba, a city readying for its 500th anniversary.

This latest masterpieces join the 104 such works scattered throughout Santiago, making of the city “an open gallery” in the eyes of its inhabitants and visitors. The main topics are the environment and youngsters.

Painters from Cuba and 13 other nations from Europe, Latin America and the Caribbean participated in this event that started on January 5 with exhibitions of photographers and painters, theoretical workshops, videos and concerts.

Fulfilling the event’s goals of bringing culture closer to communities, they painted large murals in three parks: Parque del Amor (Love Park), Carlos J. Finlay and Ferreiro. Also, they made the walls of the Provincial Hospital and a school more beautiful with their work.

Andres Franco, and Ecuadorean youngster in his first participation to this event, said it had been a very interesting proposition when people from different countries, generations and styles shared their ideas to make a unique piece.

Cuban Oandris Tejeiro, a veteran in the Internos events, praised the possibility of exchanging with other artists during the creative processes that allowed him to learn on other urban art trends and aesthetic concepts, as well of different perspectives.

 

The U.S. Tour by La Colmenita: A Song of Love and Peace

By Marcos Alfonso

In October 2011, the Cuban Children's Theater Company La Colmenita toured for 19 days several U.S. cities. The quest of love and goodwill began in Washington, went to New York and culminated in San Francisco.

Then, and through the lens of Roberto Chile, the documentary “Escencias, la Colmenita en Estados Unidos” (Essence, the little beehive in the United States) was born, which will be premiered this Wednesday on Cuban television.

The work, 68 minutes in length, resume the journey of love, peace and goodwill that the Cuban children took around the U.S.

In an exclusive interview to ACN, Roberto Chile said: “Personally, travelling with those talented Cuban children became a gift of fate, whose biggest challenge was to reveal the emotions aroused by The Beehive in the American public, thanks to the imagination and creativity of that other big boy by the name of Carlos Alberto Cremata (Tin).”

The film begins in New York due to the delay by the U.S. State Department to grant visas to its filmmaker, “and although the work does not show the full tour, says Chile, it supports the view that the friendship and solidarity do not stand blockades.”

For the Cuban filmmaker it is excellent idea that has been decided to premier the new documentary to coincide with the 159 anniversary of the birth of our Apostle José Martí.

“When I received word that this would be the case, I felt an infinite joy, because all who participated in making the tape and the entire Little Beehive, are burning with desire for our people and friends around the world, especially the U.S., to share their art and the indelible part of the emotions experienced during the tour.”

The Little Beehive, declared by UNICEF Goodwill Ambassador in 2007, took to the US the shows “the Cockroach Martina”, “Abracadabra”, and appeared in various American places in which it awakened love, affection and solidarity in all of their audiences.

Along with Chile, who worked as cameraman, scriptwriter and director, the team was made up by Salvador Combarro, as editor; René Baños, was responsible for the original music, the narration was done by Claudia Alvariño and graphic design was made by Reynier Aquino.

“If this documentary contributes one bit to the spread in the U.S. and elsewhere the knowledge of the injustice against our Five Heroes, I will feel much happier than I already am”

 

Martí Forge: Six Decades of Consciousness and Patriotism

by Alain Valdes Sierra (AIN)

“Immense pain must be the only name on these pages. Immense pain, because the pain of imprisonment is the rudest, the most devastating pain, which kills intelligence, and dries the soul and leaves on it footprints that will never be erased.

It is born with a piece of iron; it drags along this mysterious world that stirs every heart; it grows nourished by all dark penalties and turns, finally, increased with all the scalding tears. Dante was not in prison.”

That´s how José Martí described in his Political Imprisonment in Cuba, his experience after been sentenced to hard labor in the quarries of San Lazaro, when, with only 16 years, he suffered the weight of the arrogance of the Spanish colonial rule, for aspiring to the freedom of the land of his birth.

Several decades after Gonzalo de Quesada and other followers of the Apostle of the ideas of the independence of Cuba, called for preserving part of the quarries, then unused, to pay tribute to Marti and other many patriots who were incarcerated there.

Thus, on January 28, 1952, the Marti Forge was created, the site of extraordinary symbolic value in the national history, and that six decades after its foundation it keeps an important social role.

David Hernandez Duany, director of the center, sees the imprint that place has left on generations of Cubans, and of the many initiatives with university students and the community.

Our purpose is the spreading of Marti ideas, a challenge we assume daily with greater commitment and professionalism, said Hernandez while visiting the place.

He said they have created links with various institutions and entities of the State, Armed Forces and the Ministry of Interior, in particular, education centers at all levels of education.

This is a place of great significance for this country, he said, and not only by the passage of José Martí in the quarries. There objects that belonged to him are kept here, and very important events of national history are associated with it.

In 1952, after the coup led by Fulgencio Batista on March 10, university students gathered there to symbolically bury the Constitution of 1940.

That piece of the old quarries of San Lazaro, witnessed the first march of torches, led by the young Fidel Castro, who paid tribute to Cuba's National Hero on the centenary of his birth.

The exhibition halls show objects like the odor pad Maria Garcia Granados gave the Apostle, the chair and desk used by him in the home of Dr. Ramon Luis Miranda, while in New York, and a revolver that belonged to him when he was the Delegate of the Cuban Revolutionary Party.

But the Forge, explains Hernandez Duany, is also room to honor all those who have sacrificed for the welfare of the nation and its children, as is the case of the five Cuban antiterrorist fighters unjustly incarcerated in the The United States.