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Cuban Youths Play Key Role in Population Census

HAVANA, Cuba, Sept 3 (ACN) More than 60 000 students and 11 000 professors and teachers will begin their training as enumerators and supervisors for the upcoming 2012 Population and Housing Census in Cuba.


The seminars start September 3 at the education centers where the students take their regular courses. The large figure of participants and the nature of their task, make the seminars the most important action of its kind in a total of 17 censuses carried out in Cuba .

The census, to be implemented September 15-24, will be the fourth counting process to take place after the triumph of the Cuban Revolution in 1959.

The president of the University Student Federation, Lisara Corona and the head of the High School Student Federation, Julia Brossard told ACN  that both organizations are supporting the preparation of the youths to make a successful performance during the census.

Brossard said “In Cuba , we all Count,” a phrase that became the slogan of the census, and the youths’ contribution to this process will be one more proof of the students’ commitment to the Revolution.


Cuba: 100,000 Students in Medical Specialties

Havana, Sep 1 (Prensa Latina) The 2012-2013 academic year in Cuba will enroll about 104,000 students of medical specialties at medical schools, Prensa Latina quoted Ministry of Health''s national higher education director Mariheta Cutiño as saying.

Medicine, stomatology, nursing degree, Psychology, and over twenty technical degrees are included in the program at universities and independent faculties of the country's 15 provinces, and the Isle of Youth special municipality.

In an interview wit Granma daily, Cutiño said that about 50,000 students have been registered only in the medicine specialty, including about 13,000 from foreign countries.

Cutiño also said that professors at those educational centers are ready for the academic course and the sector has all the human and material resources to sucessfuly conclude the 2012-2013 academic year.


New School Year Opens in Cuba

HAVANA, Cuba, Sept 3 (ACN) The 2012-2013 school year opened September 3 in Cuba after all education centers guaranteed the necessary teaching means, including I.T. support to education, the Education Ministry announced.

With a total registration of some 2 million students, all education centers throughout the island also met hygienic and epidemiological requirements for the new school year, said Education minister Ena Elsa Velazquez upon a tour she took of different Cuban provinces.

The Education Ministry indicated the intensification of  actions to lower epidemiological vulnerabilities and risks in education centers, such as the sanitation of common areas in the facilities and the students’ personal hygienic measures.

The minister said that 175 thousand teachers will join the new school year; the figure meets 93.2 percent of the needs at Cuban schools. Another 1 600 pedagogical students will support the process, she said.

“All of them will face the challenge to guarantee the teaching task, particularly in ninth and twelfth grades,” said the minister after she announced about 1 560 drop-outs last year.

Cuba has maintained compulsory and free-of-charge education over the past five decades.


Cuban Visually Impaired Youths back to their Classrooms

HAVANA, Cuba, Sept 3 (ACN) Over 2 000 visually impaired students in Cuba returned to their classrooms for the new school year in different educational levels, including university.

One third of all visually impaired students are registered in 16 special schools operating in all 15 provinces plus the Isle of Youth special municipality.

Deaf-blind students count on a school in the capital Havana and a series of classrooms in other parts of the country with regular curricula.

Meanwhile, over 200 visually impaired are currently taking different university courses; the figure is considered to represent an increasing trend in the number of persons with disabilities, who decide to develop a professional career.


Cuba Develops Quick Colon Cancer Test

HAVANA, Cuba , Aug 31 (acn) The Immunoassay Center developed and registered a rapid test for the detection of human blood hidden in the stool, which marks the risk of probable presence of colorectal cancer and other diseases of the digestive tract.

This is the SUMASOHF diagnoser, based on the use of the SUMA technology, which obtained sanitary registration of the Center for State Control of Drugs (CECMED) indicates Granma newspaper.

Aramis Gutierrez Sanchez, Master in Sciences and Head of National Immunoassay Center, explained that the above procedure was validated in a study involving about 7 450 adults 50 years and older, of both sexes, in two municipalities in Santiago de Cuba and one in Mayabeque provinces.

Of the people studied with the new diagnoser of that entity in the Scientific Pole located in the west of the capital, 662 showed positive repeated results.

Once referred to gastroenterology specialist consultations, where they received another set of tests, when doctors could be confirmed 555 digestive tract ailments, including 14 cases of colon cancer, and another 78 with adenomatous polyps and ulcerative colitis.

Gutierrez said that precisely most colorectal cancers arise from such precancerous lesions, so their early discovery allows eliminating them before they become malignant.

He added that the institution is able to provide devices and reagents necessary to ensure the gradual introduction of this test in the national health system, from the final months of this year, especially with regard to its use in the active screening of colon cancer.

During 2011, 2 281 people died in Cuba for that cause, and the disease shows a general trend to increase its incidence and mortality, as occurs worldwide, which is third in deaths from cancer, besides being the digestive tract one the more frequent, published Granma newspaper.


Significant Number of Foreign Students to Cuban Medical University

Santiago de Cuba, Sep 3 (Prensa Latina) The University of Medical Sciences in Santiago de Cuba, the first created by the Revolution, begins today the 2012-2013 school year with a significant number of foreign students.

Antonio Lopez, director of the center, told Prensa Latina that the total enrollment has reached 14,369 students, of them 1,888 are foreigners.

He noted that foreign students come mostly from Third World countries, and take undergraduate and postgraduate studies in medicine, dentistry, nursing, psychology and health technologies.

Angola, Bolivia, Haiti, Ecuador, Peru and Jamaica are the most represented countries this year.

Lopez recalled that of 14,992 students enrolled during the previous school year, some 1,844 were foreigners of 54 Cubans, and of more than 3,000 graduates, 189 were from Latin American and African countries.

This data refer to the humanistic and solidarity conception the school holds for almost 50 years and added that, as part of effort, the center has contributed to the founding of medical schools in over 10 nations, he said.

Lopez highlighted that nearly 4,000 graduates have worked in 57 countries of the five continents, and they are currently pursuing medical cooperation abroad, with the participation of 70 teachers of the center


Use of Renewable Energy is Crucial for Development

HAVANA, Cuba, Sept 4 (ACN) Cubans continue to consider zones with high wind potential in the country to expand the use of this renewable energy source with new equipment, according to the National Statistics and Information Office (ONEI).

According to the Office, the island has thus far set up 15 598 wind energy equipment, mostly wind turbines and solar heaters, out of which 86.9 percent are in operations.

Nearly all 5 883 active wind turbines are basically replacing diesel or power-based water pumps, the Office explains and recalls that at present three wind farms are operating in the country, which are hooked to the national power system.

The Isle of Youth special municipality, south of the main island, central Ciego de Avila and Holguin provinces are hosting the tree wind farms, while territories like central Villa Clara, western Pinar del Rio, and eastern Camaguey and Granma provinces have nearly 300 inactive wind turbines.

The Cuban wind energy strategy pursues the setting up of new equipment and the exploitation of  those currently inactive.

The total power output from renewable energy sources in 2011 represented 21.6 percent of the country’s total energy generation, which translated into a 4.0 percent increase with respect to the previous year, given the use of biomass and hydroelectric plants.

Experts insist that in the face of increasing prices of fossil fuels and their announced exhaustion in the near future, turning to renewable energy sources is crucial.

The use of solar energy, hydro-energy and biomass (particularly produced from sugar cane wastes) provides huge potential in tune with the energy program implemented by the Cuban revolution for efficient use and saving of energy, local specialists agree.

In Cuba the exploitation of renewable energy sources is still small if compared to the use of fossil fuels. The transformation of this reality was considered a strategic goal by the 6th Congress of the Cuban Communist Party, and it is a priority on the agenda of state institutions since it is an issue at the center of interest of Cuban society.


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